ROMANIAN SHEPHERD DOG FROM BUCOVINA

TRANSLATION: in French version by Mr. Crisitan Stefanescu and Mr. Raymond Triquet

English version supervised by Mr. Petru Muntean

ORIGIN: Romania

PUBLICATION DATE OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD:

UTILIZATION: Shepherd dog for the sheep flocks and cattle herds. Excellent watchdog.

F.C.I CALSSIFICATION:

Second group Pinscher-Schnauzer, Molossoizi, mountain and herd Swiss dogs and other breeds

Section 2.2 – Molasses, mountain type

Without working trials

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Bucovina Shepard is a native breed formed in the Carpathic region, in Bucovina, specifically in the North-East of Romania. This breed has been given a special attention where selection and improvement are concerned. This fact led to the existence of the actual type.

In this region, this breed’s individuals are used with great success for guarding herds and property.

This dog is also very well known under the name of “DULAU” (shepherd’s dog) or “CAPAU”.

The first standard was written in 1982 and updated in 2001 by the Asociatia Chinologica Romana  (Romanian Kennel Club). The present standard, dating from 29.03.2002, was written and updated according to the model established by the 1987  FCI  General Assembly from Jerusalem.

GENERAL ASPECT: big size, imposing, daring headstrong and proud. The sexual dimorphism is well marked.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: the ratio between the length of the muzzle and the length of the skull is 1:1. The length of the body is slightly greater than the height of the back. The shoulder (scapular-humeral) angulations are of about 100-110 degrees.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: balanced, calm, very devoted, loves children. Does not trust strangers. Excellent watchdog for herds, courageous and very combative where potential predators are concerned (bear, wolf, lynx). Has a powerful bark. If strangers or animals come close to its territory, the fact is signaled by a very powerful bark, with al low tonality that can be heard from very long distance. During the night it patrols around the property or herds.

HEAD: Massive, slightly elevated with respect to the back line.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull: moderately wide. The longitudinal axes of the skull and of the muzzle are slightly convergent. The skull, viewed from the front, is slightly curved. Viewed form the side, the skull is almost flat.

The width of the skull: 16-18 cm for males, 15-17 cm for females. The zygomatic arches are moderately developed. The occipital protuberance is little marked.

Stop: slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose: well developed and wide, black.

Muzzle: has the shape of a truncated cone, of the same length as the skull, well developed. It becomes progressively narrow towards the extremity but it never pointed.

Lips: thick, well applied, with strong pigmentation.

Jaws/teeth: strong jaws, complete dentition, with healthy teeth, well implanted, white, scissors bite. Level bite is allowed.

Cheeks: not prominent

Eyes: small in comparison with the dimensions of the skull, almond-shaped and slanting, chestnut colored or slightly lighter, never yellow. Eyelids are well pigmented.

Ears: implanted relatively high, “V” shaped, with the extremity slightly rounded, fallen, and very close to the cheeks. The amputation of the ears is forbidden.

NECK: moderately long, bulky and strong, without dewlap.

BODY: massive, vigorous.

Top line: leveled.

Withers: less marked

Back: well supported and very muscular

Loins: strong, very muscular

Croup: muscular, moderately sloped towards the base of the tale

Chest: wide and tall, reaching the level of the elbows; the ribs are well arched

Inferior line: slightly arched

TAIL: inserted fairly high. When still, is worn low, reaching the point of the hock or even lower; when the dog pays attention or is in action, the tale is elevated. In this case it may rise above the level of the back, sickle shaped. The amputation of the tale is forbidden

LIMBS

LEGS: with strong bones.

FOREQUATERS:

Overview: Upright when seen from the front or in profile.

Shoulder: long shoulder blades, strong and sloping, well inserted, very muscular. The shoulder (scapular-humeral) angulations are of about 100-110 degrees.

Arm: moderately long and very muscular

Elbows: well attacated to the body, move easily.

Forearm: strong and not very long

Wrist: solid

Metacarpus: short, viewed form the side they are slightly inclined.

Feet:  Oval shaped, compact and strong, with black or gray nails

HINDQUATERS:

Overview: Viewed from the side and from the front, the legs have good impudence.

Thigh: moderately long, wide, very muscular.

Stifle joint: The angle of the femur-tibia joint is of about 110 degrees.

Shank: medium length, muscular

Hocks: viewed from the side, it is wide and has a moderate angle; viewed from behind it is placed in a plane parallel with the median plane of the body.

Metatarsals: robust and net, with perfect impudence. The presence of  dewclaws is not to be penalized.

Feet: Oval shaped, compact and strong, with black or gray nails.

GAIT: regular and free movement; viewed from the front and from behind, the legs move in a straight line. The favorite move is a medium amplitude trot. The crossed and elevated movements have to be penalized.

SKIN: Thick, well applied, dark gray.

ROBE:

HAIR: The hair is short on the head and on the fore face of the legs. On the body, the hair is abundant, straight, thicker and harder, 6-9 cm long. The next layer of hair is shorter and thick, with a lighter color. On the neck, the hair is longer and forms a head of hair (mane). On the backside of the legs, the hair forms fringes of moderate length. The tail is bushy, covered with longer and thicker hair.

COLOR:

Classical color: the background must be white with well-defined, sand-charcoal colored, black or brindled patches. On the legs, there can be little black or other color drops.

Uniform colors: Uniform robes (without spots) completely white or black are accepted but not appreciated.

 

SIZE AND WEIGHT:

Height at withers:

Males: 68-78 cm, ideal 71-75 cm

Females: 64-72 cm, ideal 66-68 cm

Weight: in accordance with the size

FAULTS: any deviation from the facts stated above must be considered as a fault and must be penalized in accordance with its gravity.

·        Slender or to heavy constitution

·        Sexual characters insufficiently marked

·        Dental lacks, other than PM1

·        Amputated ears

·        Amputated tail

·        Obese or without strength

·        Tangled or short hair (less than 6 cm)

·        Hair too long (longer than 9 cm)

·        Lack of mane or fringes on the legs

·        Rolled (ring shaped) tail

·        Open pads, twisted on the interior or on the exterior

·        Elbows deviated towards the exterior

·        Heavy movement

SERIOUS FAULTS:

·        Strange expression with respect to the race

·        Rounded, bulging eyes,

·        Straight ears

·        Superior line is saddle like or too long

·        Very short hair

·        Curley hair, or any other texture apart from the one specified in the standard

·        Yellow eyes

·        Eyes of different color

·        Cow hock

ELIMINATING FAULTS:

·        Aggressive or fearful

·        Atypical subject

·        Over or undershot.

·        Lack of incisor or canine teeth

·        Albinism

·        Other colors than those described in the standard

·        Absent or atrophied tail

·        Size under 65 cm or over 80 cm for males

·        Size under 62 cm or over 75 cm for females

Any dog that presents evident physical or behavioral anomalies will be disqualified.

N.B.: males animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

This standard has been revised by the FCI representatives, Mr. Raymond Triquet and Mr. Bernard Denis, at Gura Humorului on 22 August 2004 and approved by the FCI Standards Committee and Science Committee on 18,19, September 2004 at Sarlat, France.